Coleridge Anti-Slavery Manuscript Saved by University
The manuscript, which was handwritten by Coleridge in 1792, was put under export bar by the government following recommendations from the Reviewing Committee on the Export of Works of Art and Objects of Cultural Interest. The Committee found that it is important to UK history and national life, offering significant insights into the campaign for the abolition of slavery.
Coleridge, who was a key figure in the Romantic movement, wrote Sors misera servorum in insulis Indiae occidentalis (Ode on The West-Indian Slave Trade), in Greek while studying at the University of Cambridge.
In its new home at the University of Leeds, the manuscript will join anti-slavery material by Romantic poet Robert Southey, a collection linked to the Anti-Slavery Society which includes letters from Coleridge, and a vast archive of West Yorkshire Quaker Committee records, including meeting notes by key abolitionist William Armistead.
Written 15 years before the slave trade was abolished by the British Parliament, the poem attacks the evils of slavery and highlights the terrible conditions of the overcrowded boats that took enslaved Africans to the Americas.
Masud Khokhar, University Librarian and Keeper of the Brotherton Collection, said: “It is a great privilege for the University of Leeds Libraries to acquire this nationally significant manuscript and share it with the British public after the government stepped in to stop it from being exported. Making our collections accessible for the public good is at the heart of the Libraries' vision. A fervent abolitionist, Coleridge foreshadowed the abolition of slavery by 15 years with this award-winning poem.”
Professor Andrew Thorpe, Executive Dean of the Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Cultures, added: “This manuscript shines a light on a significant period where literature and art helped to change the future for the better, in making a contribution towards the abolition of slavery. Research and teaching in these subjects remains fundamental to the creation of a fair, diverse, tolerant and inclusive society. With our Leeds University Centre for African Studies and important collections related to the abolition of slavery, the University is a fitting place to host this rare artefact.”