Given the importance of Micrographia, it is extraordinary that there has been no satisfactory edition since the 18th century. The new Folio Society edition, limited to 750 copies, aims to rectify this by presenting a handsome and very readable edition of Hooke’s seminal text in its entirety, and doing full justice to the stunning illustrations that are the source of the book’s enduring fame. The text is based on the first edition of 1665, printed by John Martyn and James Allestry for the Royal Society. Hooke’s engagingly inconsistent approach to spelling and punctuation has largely been retained, although for ease of reading spellings, punctuation and italicisation have been discreetly modernised.
What Robert Hooke achieved in Micrographia, as he only hints at in his delightfully fastidious subtitle ‘Some physiological descriptions of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses with observations and enquiries thereupon’, was to bring to light what previous philosophers could only glimpse or theorise about. Combining his supreme talents as a technician and a draughtsman, Hooke constructed powerful new lenses, isolated specimens - in one case, plying an ant with brandy to keep it still - and described what he saw in words and pictures, in the nest detail. Readers in 1665 began to see the world with fresh eyes.
The breathtakingly detailed illustrations of insects and plants - the largest of which is nearly two feet across - have been reproduced at full size from copies of the rst and second editions of Micrographia held at the Bodleian Library and the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford. The Folio edition is the only one in modern times to present Hooke’s illustrations in their original form as large-scale foldouts. No other edition has presented Hooke’s work in a format so worthy of its content.
Robert Hooke’s status as one of England’s most eminent scientists - or ‘natural philosophers’, to use the contemporary term - has not always enjoyed due recognition. As historian Lisa Jardine (to whom this Folio edition of Micrographia is dedicated) argues in her biography The Curious Life of Robert Hooke: The Man Who Measured London, Hooke’s pioneering achievements were frequently obscured by his puzzling personality.
Born in 1635 on the Isle of Wight, Hooke moved to London and then studied at Christ Church College in Oxford, joining a coterie of experimental philosophers under the tutelage of John Wilkins. Hooke’s influential allies included his school friend Christopher Wren and the chemist and physicist Robert Boyle, whose assistant Hooke became in 1656, building the air pumps for the gas experiments which were to immortalise his name. When the Royal Society was created after the Restoration, Hooke was appointed its Curator of Experiments and in 1664 became Professor of Geometry at Gresham College. It was in this position of considerable eminence that he produced Micrographia and achieved renown as one of the new breed of empirical thinkers.
Yet, despite a reputation for great loyalty among his friends, Hooke came to be regarded by his competitors as a man of odd and unfathomable temper, prone to public displays of pique. The most notorious instance of this trait was his argument with Isaac Newton, in which Hooke accused Newton of appropriating his ideas on gravity. The dispute escalated so bitterly that Newton is said to have attempted to dismantle Hooke’s reputation, and perhaps even to have destroyed the Royal Society’s only portrait of Hooke. When Hooke died in 1703 he left no will, and no building is named in his honour. His reputation today rests largely, if not solely, on his achievements in Micrographia.
The Folio edition is supplemented by two important texts which elucidate Micrographia and provide different perspectives of its prodigious but controversial author. A Brief Life by John Aubrey (1626-97) - itself a work firmly in the empiricist tradition of research and observation. A close friend of Robert Hooke, Aubrey helped him with some of his experiments and lived for a period in his lodgings at Gresham College. Aubrey paints an affectionate portrait of ‘a person of great virtue and goodness’, voracious for knowledge from the earliest age, and defends him in his famous dispute with Isaac Newton.
Aubrey’s Life is preceded by a newly commissioned essay on Hooke’s career and achievements, and the enduring importance of Micrographia, by historian and literary critic Ruth Scurr.
- Limited to 750 numbered copies
- 400 pages set in Caslon type
- Printed on Munken Pure paper
- 38 plates including 5 fold-outs
- Illustrations reproduced from copies of the first and second editions held at the Bodleian Library and the Museum of Science, Oxford
- Quarter-bound in leather with cloth sides blocked in silver with a design by Neil Gower based on the eye of a grey drone-fly. Silver top edge
- Introduced by Ruth Scurr and with a Brief Life by John Aubrey
- Cloth covered slipcase blocked in silver
- Book size 131??2”? 83??4”
The facsimile is limited to 750 copies. UK £225 US $360 Can $450 Aus $450