How Charles Dickens Included the Paranormal in His Ghost Stories

Charles Dickens Museum

Charles Dickens's reading copy of The Haunted Man.

The 20 ghost stories by the author of A Christmas Carol are the focus of a new exhibition To Be Read At Dusk: Dickens, Ghosts & the Supernatural.

On show at the Charles Dickens Museum in London are a variety of books, letters, posters, and objects which are central to Charles Dickens’s works such as The Signal Man, Bleak House, Nicholas Nickleby, The Chimes and The Trial for Murder. They also reveal his interest in the paranormal.

Highlights include:

  • Dickens’s own reading copy of his 1848 ghost story The Haunted Man which he heavily marked up to add  stage directions using different colored inks to indicate cuts and emotional emphasis
  • The first public display of a letter from Dickens to his acquaintance William Howitt in which he asks if Howitt can suggest a haunted house that a friend of Dickens’s might visit
  • The first pencil sketches by John Leech of the four ghosts from A Christmas Carol used in preparation for the full color illustrations in the first edition of December 1843

To Be Read At Dusk runs until February 19 2023

The museum has also recently put on display 11 Dickens letters for the first time (and which can also be viewed online at

The collection includes assorted invitation notes, insights into Dickens’s reading habits, current writing projects and publishing matters. These include one written to I. H. Newman from Gad's Hill Place on 10 February 1866 in which Dickens complains strongly about a proposed change to the Sunday postal service. He even threatens to move if it is brought in. Also among the items is a rather dramatic dinner invitation to his friend John Harley which reads:

Say “no” and I never forgive you. Say “yes” and join us here at ten minutes past six next Thursday, and I shall always remain, Faithfully yours, CHARLES DICKENS

 “One of the best things about this collection of letters is that it shows Dickens writing in his thirties, forties and fifties and the variety of topics that were occupying his mind,” said Emily Dunbar, Curator at the Charles Dickens Museum. “The letter complaining about the loss of Sunday postal delivery is a great example of Dickens showing self-importance, his awareness his great fame and position in society coming to the fore. He also mentions the huge volume of letters leaving and arriving at his address, of which this new set is a tiny but entertaining fraction.”

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