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Littmann Collection of German Expressionism & Avant-Garde at Swann March 5

New York-Swann Galleries’ March 5 auction boasts property from the Ismar Littmann Family Collection,... read more

"Lacock Abbey: Birthplace of Photography on Paper" Opens March 2

New York - Photography on paper was born in 1839 in England at Lacock... read more

The Morgan Announces the Restoration of J. Pierpont Morgan’s Library

New York-The Morgan Library & Museum announced today the exterior restoration of J. Pierpont... read more

UK Exhibition Of Rare Antarctic Books for Shackleton's 145th Birthday

To celebrate the 145th anniversary of Ernest Shackleton's birth, Jonkers Rare Books are pleased... read more

Special Exhibition of William Mortensen's Photography at the NYC Book & Ephemera Fair

New York — His work was startling and new. It had the power to... read more

4,500 Years of Miniature Books at the Grolier Club

Thousands of years before books were contained within a hand-held technological tablet or phone,... read more

The NYC Book and Ephemera Fair Expands to a Second Day

The Fair that is known as the satellite event, during Manhattan’s celebrated Rare Book... read more

James Joyce-Signed Vintage Photograph Sold for $25,826 at Auction 

Boston—A James Joyce signed vintage photograph sold for $25,826 according to Boston-based RR Auction.... read more

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2015 Bookseller Resource Guide
Beyond the Basics

Collector and Bookseller: A Vanishing Relationship?

In 84, Charing Cross Road, Helene Hanff describes a twenty-year correspondence between herself, a book collector, and Frank Doel, a bookseller with London’s Marks & Co., during World War II. The charming story was later adapted into a Broadway play and a film starring Anne Bancroft and Anthony Hopkins. Hanff and Doel never met in person, but their letters revealed a deep friendship built on a shared love of books. 84, Charing Cross Road is seen here in its 1970 first edition, first printing. Courtesy of Peter Harrington, London.
Books as a Way of Life: Essays by Gordon N. Ray, edited and with an introduction by G. Thomas Tanselle, skillfully details the symbiotic relationships between collectors, booksellers, and librarians. Courtesy of the Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

And it’s in the matter of price and its judgment that our universe has changed most from the cozier world of books that Carter knew. Collectors want to build their collections, and booksellers want to sell books, but Internet bookselling is all about the lowest prices, and so often, a fine and interesting copy of a book can languish unsold because it’s priced just a few dollars more than a poor or “mildly ex-library” copy. In an earlier world, this copy might have been quoted to a particular customer, whose tastes and preferences were known, and whose collecting had been nurtured by the bookseller. This kind of relationship, whether in person or at a distance, underpinned the business model of the antiquarian book world. For a diminishing number of booksellers, it still does, but it’s in danger of disappearing as bookselling moves closer to a price-centric market, where descriptions of the characteristics of particular copies are now the province of an ever-smaller number of booksellers who still view this information as significant.

The demise of this kind of bookselling would be as damaging to collectors as the disappearance of local restaurants would be to a neighborhood. As Gordon N. Ray described it so well in his articles about the world of rare books, the antiquarian book world is made up of collectors, booksellers, and libraries and librarians, all existing in a symbiotic relationship in which the balance of power shifts according to collecting tastes, the state of financial markets, and university budgets. This world still exists, but the technological changes that have transformed it beyond anything that Ray would find familiar now threaten to speed the extinction of collectors who were willing to consider books other than high spots, and booksellers who could build their businesses selling individual books at all levels to collectors that they knew.

Bookseller memoirs are fun to read, and they remind others in the collecting world what is best about the ‘trade.’ Infinite Riches: The Adventures of a Rare Book Dealer (1973) by David Magee is another example. For almost fifty years, Magee was an antiquarian bookseller in San Francisco. Courtesy of the Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

Restaurants also depend on repeat customers, and as Bruni wrote, there’s something in it for the customers as well. “In return, regulars at most restaurants get extra consideration: a glass of sparkling wine that wasn’t asked for, a dessert that just appears, a promotion to the head of the waiting list when the place is full. There’s a practical, unemotional reason to join the frequent-flier club. Perks accrue.”

These perks have been there for book collectors as well, and though we’re never going back to the world—if it ever actually existed—that Helene Hanff depicted in 84, Charing Cross Road, collectors, booksellers, and libraries have all benefited from the symbiotic relationship in which they knew and learned from each other, and where it was understood that it took time and effort to learn about books. This learning came from repeated visits to bookshops and libraries, and from examining, reading, and researching the books that they found. As collecting and bookselling relationships disappear, something important is being lost, and we need to realize that collecting and bookselling can still be personal, and that there can and should be more to what we do than looking up prices online, and searching or uploading records to a database.

Further Reading and Browsing

Like everything else that he wrote, Gordon N. Ray’s two detailed articles on the relationships between collectors, booksellers, and libraries and librarians are well worth reading. In “The Changing World of Rare Books” (Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, Volume 60, Second Quarter 1965, pp. 103141) and “The World of Rare Books Re-examined” (Yale University Library Gazette, Volume 40, July 1974, pp. 77146), Ray used his correspondents’ answers to survey questions to describe the many changes that were taking place in the collecting and selling of rare books. Both articles, along with several others by Ray, are included in the beautifully produced—and underpriced—commemorative volume, Books as a Way of Life: Essays by Gordon N. Ray, edited and with an introduction by G. Thomas Tanselle (New York: The Grolier Club and The Pierpont Morgan Library, 1988).

And for more evidence of the importance of collector/bookseller relationships, look at any memoir or biography of a bookseller or collector. Good starting lists can be found in Kurt Zimmerman’s “Armchair Adventures” (Fine Books and Collections, November/December 2007) and “More Armchair Adventures”.

Joel Silver is Director and Curator of Books at the Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
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